Diamond Education

The 4 C's
 

Diamond Education

The 4 C's
 

Diamond Anatomy

Diamond Shapes

Understanding the 4 C’s of Diamonds

Cut

A diamond’s cut is the most important factor out of the 4Cs.

Cut quality affects brilliance, fire & scintillation. Think sparkle!

Fire:
The colored sparkles like dancing rainbow flashes!
Observed under: DIRECT LIGHTING (LED, Sunlight, Spot lights, Halogen lights)

Brilliance:
The perfect contrast of black and white determined by light returns!
Observed under: INDIRECT LIGHTING (Shaded environments and cloudy day)

Scintillation:
The flashes of light you can see when you hold a diamond in your hand and move it.

A diamond’s cut can make or break its fire, brilliance and scintillation!

Clarity

FL:
No inclusions and no blemishes visible under 10x magnification

IF:
No inclusions visible under 10x magnification

VVS1 and VVS2:
Inclusions so slight they are difficult for a skilled grader to see under 10x magnification

VS1 and VS2:
Only minor inclusions are observed with effort under 10x magnification

SI1 and SI2:
Inclusions are noticeable under 10x magnification

I1, I2 and I3:
Inclusions are obvious under 10x magnification

Color

D, E and F diamonds are very rare and constitute less than one per cent of the total mined, so they can prove to be more expensive.

G and H diamonds are great alternatives as any yellow hue is virtually invisible to the naked eye, so they will still dazzle brightly.

I and J diamonds may come with a slight tint, but setting them on a white metal reduces that effect.

Carat (Size)

A carat weight impacts the size of its stone.

It is important to note that 2 diamonds of the same carat weight can look significantly different. A poorly cut diamond of the same carat weight will appear smaller than its actual weight.